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Meeting with International Centre for
Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), &]

Brussels, 14 Janua Ü

Preparation: NEAR B3/CoTE for Migration

General information:

Upon his request, you are meeting Mr Spindelegger, head of the Brussels Mission to the International Centre
for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) to exchange views on the current migration context and
discuss the portfolio of NEAR-funded projects managed by ICMPD. Mr Spindelegger holds regular
meetings with DDG Maciej Popowski, of which the last one was held in October 2018 in Vienna.

Morocco border management: On 17/18 October DG NEAR reached an agreement with tne Moroccan
Ministry of Interior allowing ICMPD to start its border management assistance operations (EUR 30 million) in
Morocco. This project has become part of the EUR 140 million support package with Morocco that was
decided in its various components in November and December 2018 and whose implementation, started stil
before the end ofthe year.

Libya _migration capacity-building: In November, ICMPD complained to Commissioner Hahn on our initial
refusal to finance the project ‘Adaptive response to the migration crisis in Libya: Strengthened governance,
sustainable systems and enhanced integrated border management (IBM) capacity’. The issue was however
quickly solved: DG NEAR had already informed ICMPD that this project proposal would be included to a large
extent in the EUTF programme on border management in Libya and it was eventually adopted at the
Operational Committee on 13 December 2018 (budget of EUR 45 million). This action aims to implement an
institutional reform on border management on the basis of CSDP mission EUBAM’s White Paper.

e DG NEAR is satisfied with its ongoing cooperation with the

International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and
is grateful for its continuous engagement in the region.


e The second phase of the programme on integrated border and
migration management in Libya was adopted on 13 December.
We should now focus on a speedy contracting process to deliver
as soon as possible. Your involvement is instrumental to support
EUBAM Libya’s dialogue with the Libyan authorities towards an
institutional reform in the border management sector (i.e. White


here are several players working on border management (Italy,

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EUBAM, IOM). We should ensure that we all work in the same
direction. In this respect, we believe frequent contacts between

ICMPD and IOM at the ARRRRIEE level could be valuable 5

e The Border Management Programme for the Maghreb

(implemented by ICMPD) has become the centre of attention.

we need to

move fast, overcome challenges and delıver. Happy to hear from
you what is the latest SoP on this.

The programme on border management to be implemented by
the Spanish technical agency, Fundaciön Internacional y para
Iberoamerica de Administraciön y Politicas Püblicas (FIIAPP)
was adopted on 13 December 2018. | trust that your services will
ensure a smooth coordination and ensure a well-defined division
of labour between the two actions.


Following the recommendations of the Court of Auditors on the EU spending on migration in the NEAR
region, ICMPD has been contracted under the EUTF North of Africa Window to conceptualise a
Monitoring and Evaluation Framework that allows us to link cooperation assistance to the objectives of
the EU policy framework on migration.

State _of play: The contract for the implementation of this M&E Framework was signed in
November 20177 for an amount of EUR 2 million.

Annexes: (1) State of play of ICMPD programmes; (2) CV

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Annex 1: State of play of programmes adopted under the ENI (Libya) and EUTF for Africa

1) EUTF for Africa:
   •   _ Border Management Programme for the Maghreb region (BMP-Maghreb) – EUR 55
       million: Morocco and Tunisia
Funds are earmarked on the following basis: EUR 30 million to Morocco and EUR 20 million to
Tunisia. The remaining EUR 5 million cover ICMPD’s implementation, administration and tendering
The programme follows the Council Conclusions of June 2018 when the Council called for further
cooperation on border management and, in particular, with Morocco. The overall objective of the
Programmes to mitigate vulnerabilities arising from irregular migration and to combat irregular
migration. The action aims to do so by enhancing the institutional framework of interested countries
to protect, monitor and control the borders, while ensuring the free movement of bona fide
travellers and goods.
State of play:
• Receipt of a revised Moroccan equipment list, which shall be refined by expert team, confirmed
through next field mission and used for procurement;
• Moroccan authorities consented to allowing an ICMPD-BMP Maghreb project office in Rabat.
Possible sites have been identified and quotes collected.
• Terms of Reference for identification mission that would allow for the designation of 2 priority
areas that would serve for testing technical solutions for integration of refurbished radars from
Guardia di Finanza and others possible equipment;
• Terms of Reference for 1st capacity building activity / transfer of competences for the Tunisian
MoI’s IT engineers that would facilitate development and use of secured internal network using
optical fibre technology.

   •   Migration Governance in Libya - phase two & Border Security and Border
       Management Capacity Building in Libya
A concept note 'Adaptive response to the migration crisis in Libya' (32 months, EUR 4.5 million)
proposing to scale up the ongoing project 'Support to rights-based migration management and
asylum system in Libya' (ENI, EUR 3 million, 48 months) was sent to the Commission on 18
October 2018. This new project proposes to pursue the same objective as the ongoing project,
namely to contribute to the progressive creation of a full-fledged migration system in Libya. In
addition, in Spring 2018, ICMPD shared a concept note developed together with EUBAM aiming at
increasing institutional and operational capacities of key Libyan border agencies thereby
contributing to improved border security (provide training and technical assistance, support policy
On 19th October, DDG Popowski informed ICMPD that funds and circumstances do not allow the
EUTF for Africa – North of Africa window to present this programme to the Operational
Committee in 2018. It was assessed that the programme does not fit in the current priorities as
articulated in the Council Conclusion of June 2018. DG NEAR had only been involved in these
discussions at very late stage following discussions between ICMPD, EUBAM and DG HOME. A
stand-alone and purely institutional approach might fall short very quickly in the Libyan context. It is
undertaking a strong support to Libyan authorities in the field of border management, and is

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already cooperating with EUBAM.

                                                                       it was agreed to include the
second component proposed in ICMPD’s proposal in the second phase of the programme
‘Support to Integrated border and migration management in Libya’ (EUR 45 million). The
programme was adopted on 13 December 2018 by the Operational Committee of the EU
Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF for Africa) – North of Africa window. ICMPD will implement
part of the recommendations presented in EUBAM “Concept Note towards a White Paper on
Border Security & Management Reform in Libya”). In particular, it will:
       •    Contribute to the creation of legal, regulatory and institutional frameworks of Border
            Checks and Surveillance Agency, Customs Agency and Migration Agency.
       •    Build the training capacity of the new entity with training inputs inside Libya
       •    Closely cooperate and partner up with EUBAM, Frontex, UN and EUMS agencies
On the migration governance component:
       •    NEAR will not include this component.

   •       Mediterranean City-2-City Migration (MC2CM)
This project represents a milestone in developing the necessary framework and methodology to
engage major cities as present and future key stakeholders of migration. The pilot project ending at
beginning of 2018 has been very successful in piloting migration mainstreaming in the local
development planning of important Mediterranean cities (Tunis, Algiers, Amman, and Beirut).
State of play: This project of this programme was signed in May 2018. The Contract was signed on
30 June 2018.

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•   Building, disseminating and operationalizing evidence-driven migration governance
       policy and practice in North Africa (eMGPP)
The proposed Action, evidence-driven Migration Governance Policy and Practice in North Africa
(eMGPP), will generate, operationalise and disseminate migration-focused knowledge, research
and evidence that can inform and improve migration policy and governance as a shared practice
between North African governments and European Union Member States.
The Action proposes two complementary components, aligned and integrated to enhance and
reinforce one another. They include the building of an innovative migration-focused network, North
AfricA Migration Academic Network (NAAMAN) to develop and lead national and regional
migration research and policy. NAAMAN will simultaneously support the second component of the
proposed Action: systematic, strategic-level, independent, third-party research and analysis of
progress made toward the strategic objectives of the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for
Stability and Combating the Root Causes of Irregular Migration and the Displaced Persons in
Africa (EU TF) in the North of Africa (NoA).
State of play: The contract was signed on 20 December 2018.

   •   'Support to rights-based migration management and asylum system in Libya' (ENI,
       EUR 3 M, 48 months)
The ICMPD project "Strategic and institutional management of migration in Libya” is a bilateral
program worth €3.5M decided under ENI 2014 programming. It was blocked due to the crisis in 2014 and
re-activated in 2016. ICMPD launched the inception phase and undertook a consultation process with a
wide range of stakeholders from August 2016 to June 2017 to identify mandates and capacities of Libyan
stakeholders to improve migration management.
   −   In the framework of the above programme ICMPD organised a succesfull study trip for Libyan
       counterparts in Brussels to discuss Migration Management with EU institutions.
   −   Close coordination with EUBAM on their "white paper" on border management has been
   −   During the inception phase ICMPD identified further needs and opportunities to work on which
       could not be covered from the above project. This has now been covered in the two proposals
       send to the EUTF.
State of play:
       •   As part of the ENI programme, ICMPD has developed a close dialogue with Libyan
           authorities through a platform bringing together different stakeholders working on
           border and migration management in Libya.
       •   ICMPD is now an observer member of the Migration Working Group (co-chaired by the
           IOM together with the Libyan authorities under the auspices of the UNSMIL). The aim of
           this group is to enhance the coordination of development assistance to Libya and
           develop a National Migration Management Strategy.
       •   ICMPD’s push to promote its own platform is raising concerns about parituclar overlaps
           or competition between the two platforms. This could risk having parallel lines in the
           discussions being held with Libyan authorities on migration and border management.
           Overall coordination in Libya remains under the mandate of UNSMIL.

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